Sustainable Manufacturing towards Future Factory: A KTH Perspective
Professor and Chair of Sustainable Manufacturing
Department of Production Engineering
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Since 1990, the Web has been the most popular way of utilising the Internet. With its rapid acceptance by many, numerous web-based applications have been developed covering online banking, healthcare, and business management. In the last five years, research and applications of Cloud and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) have become active in such areas like transportation, smart home, robotic surgery, aviation, defence, and critical infrastructure. Cloud and CPS also positively affected manufacturing in form of Cloud-Based Cyber-Physical Production Systems in condition monitoring, process automation and control. On the other hand, advancements in Web/Internet/Cloud-based systems and applications have opened up the possibility for industries to utilise the cyber workspace to conduct efficient and effective collaborations from anywhere in distributed manufacturing environments. For example, remote robot control becomes relevant not only in rescue operations but also in cyber manufacturing environments where distant operations can be done quickly and economically. However, cyber security is always a headache negatively affecting its real usage in critical manufacturing operations. Due to the huge application potentials of CPS in manufacturing and yet the lack of common understanding of CPS in manufacturing sector, there is a need to systematically review and understand the current status and the latest advancement of CPS with future trends identified. This talk will thus cover the current status and the latest advancement of CPS in manufacturing, particularly in cloud environment. In order to understand CPS and its future potential in manufacturing, definitions and characteristics of CPS will be explained and compared with cloud manufacturing concept. Research and applications will be outlined to highlight the latest advancement in the field. While CPS shows great promise in factories of the future, challenges towards Internet-of-Everything and sustainable manufacturing in the areas of future trends remain to be identified in this talk.
自1990年，Web是利用互联网最受欢迎的方式，随着它快速的被大众接受，许多基于Web的应用开发已经覆盖到网上银行、医疗保健、企业管理。最近五年，云和赛博物理系统（CPS）研究和应用已经活跃在交通、智能家居、机器人手术、航空、国防、关键基础设施等领域。在基于云的信息物理生产系统的状态监测、过程自动化控制方面，云和CPS也积极地影响制造业。另一方面，基于Web /互联网/基于云计算的系统和应用进步已经开启了行业利用网络工作空间从分布式制造环境中的任何地方进行高效和有效协作的可能性。例如，远程机器人控制不仅在救援操作中而且在网络制造环境中可以快速和经济地进行远程操作。 然而，在关键制造业务的实际使用中网络安全总是令人头痛的负面影响。由于CPS在制造业中的巨大应用潜力，以及在制造业对CPS缺乏共同理解，有必要系统地回顾和了解CPS的当前状态和最新进展，并确定未来趋势。 因此，本报告将涵盖制造业中CPS的现状和最新进展，特别是在云环境中。为了理解CPS及其在制造业中的未来潜力，将解释CPS的定义和特性，并与云制造概念进行比较。 将概述研究和应用以突出该领域的最新进展。虽然CPS在未来工厂中显示出巨大前景，但在未来趋势领域对于互联网一切和可持续制造的挑战仍然有待确定。
Lihui Wang is a Professor and Chair of Sustainable Manufacturing at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. His research interests are focused on cyber-physical systems, cloud manufacturing, real-time monitoring and control, human-robot collaborations, adaptive and sustainable manufacturing systems. Professor Wang is actively engaged in various professional activities. He is the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Manufacturing Research, Editor of Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing and Associate Editor of Journal of Manufacturing Systems and International Journal of Production Research. He has published 7 books and authored in excess of 350 scientific publications. Professor Wang is a Fellow of CIRP, SME and ASME, and a Board Director of North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME.
王力翚教授是瑞典皇家理工美高梅可持续制造的首席教授，研究兴趣是信息物理系统、云制造、远程实时监控、人机协同、自适应和可持续制造系统。王教授是国际期刊《International Journal of Manufacturing Research》主编、《Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing》《Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing》的编辑和《Journal of Manufacturing Systems》 and《 International Journal of Production Research》的副主编，出版学术专著7本，发表论文350余篇。王力翚教授是CIRP、SME、ASME会士，SME北美制造研究所的委员会主任。